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> 英语词汇 > 英语词组全书 >  第27课








1. come a cropper **(从马背等上面)重重地摔下来;惨败

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:出现[摔下、惨败(cropper)]的状况

例 Norton has failed at everything else,so it's no surprise to see him come a cropper once again. 诺顿一事无成,所以这回看到他再次惨败也毫不奇怪。

2. Come again? / come again **什么?请再说一遍;重新说明;回归

解 习语;词义溯源:[再一次(again)]来到

例 Ihad to repeat everything I said twice because after each sentence the old man would say “Come again?” 我每句话都得重复两遍,因为每次我说完一句,那个老人就会说:“再说一遍?”

3. come along with sb. / come along ***和…一起来

解 短语动词;词义溯源:与某人[一起(along with)]来

例 Tom wasn't invited to go with us, but if he wants to come along anyway, I guess we can't stop him. 没有人邀请汤姆跟我们一起走,但是如果他想一起来的话,我想我们没法不让他来。

4. Come and get it! **(摆好了饭菜)过来吃吧!

解 习语;词义溯源:来[吃(get)]这个

例 When dinner was ready, mother would call “Come and get it!” And we'd all rush to the table. 晚饭准备好之后,妈妈会喊:“过来吃饭了!” 然后我们就都冲到桌子旁。

5. come around 〔round〕 ***转而接受;苏醒;(顺便)来访;如期而至

解 短语动词;词义溯源:去[周围的、附近的(around)]地方或[环绕(around)]而来

例 The boy hated his new classmate, but by year's end he had come around and they were best friends. 那个男孩非常讨厌他的新同学,但是在学期末的时候他竟然改变了态度,他们成了最好的朋友。

6. come at sb. or sth. ***攻击;向…冲去

解 短语动词;词义溯源:[针对(at)]某人或某物而来

例 In this dream, a man was coming at him with a knife and it seemed impossible to escape the attack. 在梦里,一个人用刀子袭击他,他似乎无法逃脱。

7. come back ***回来,恢复原状

解 短语动词;词义溯源:来到[原来的状态或位置(back)];参照go back

例 When you come back you should call and let me know you have returned. 你回来的时候应该打个电话,让我知道你已经回来了。

8. come by sth. ***找到或得到,得手

解 短语动词;词义溯源:来到[旁边(by)]

例 Thomas got most of his fortune from his parents and the rest he came by illegally. 托马斯的大部分财产来自他的父母,其他的都是他非法得到的。

9. come by sth. honestly **遗传(父母的性格特征等)

解 习语;词义溯源:诚实地来到[旁边(by)]

例 The boy comes by his hot temper honestly; his father is the same way. 这个男孩继承了他父亲的暴脾气,他们父子俩一样。

10. come clean with sb. *如实交代,坦白

解 俚语;词义溯源:在某人面前变成[不虚假的、诚实的(clean)]状态

例 After three days the man decided to come clean with the authorities and made a complete confession at the police station. 三天之后,那个人决定跟当局毫无保留地说清楚,在警察局把一切都坦白了。

11. come down *流传;药物(如大麻等)效力减弱

解 俚语;词义溯源:降[下(down)]或药物效力[down(减弱)]

例 Our liberty comes down to us from our forefathers who gave their lives on the battlefield defending democracy for their children. 我们的自由来源于我们的先辈,他们为了子孙后代的民主,在战场上流血牺牲。

12. come home **回家

解 习语;词义溯源:回[家(home)]

例 Dad usually returns from the office around five o'clock, but last night he came home well past midnight. 爸爸一般五点左右下班回家,但是昨天晚上后半夜他才回来。

13. come in ***进入(说话人所在的地方)

解 短语动词;词义溯源:来到[里面(in)]

例 You should always ask if it's okay for you to come in before entering someone's room. 你在进别人房间之前,应该先问一下你可不可以进去。

14. come 〔fall〕 in for sth. ***得到(份额、财产等);接受(赞扬、辱骂等);遭遇(苦难等)

解 短语动词;词义溯源:[为了得到(for)]某物而来到[里面(in)]

例 Coach Walters came in for a lot of criticism for his decisions during the game. 沃尔特教练在这场比赛中的决定遭到了许多批评。

15. come into sth. ***继承

解 短语动词;词义溯源:来到某物[里面(into)];参照come in for sth.

例 Icame into this business when my father died, and my son will inherit it when I die. 我爸爸去世之后,我继承了这家公司。而我死了之后,我儿子将继承它。

16. come off ***(纽扣等)掉落,(头发、牙齿等)掉落,(假发、油漆等)脱落,(结)解开;举行;成功

解 〈口〉短语动词;词义溯源:到达从…[脱落、掉下、分离(off)]或[完全、截止、彻底(off)]的状态

例 Make sure you use a lot of glue, or the stamp might come off the envelope. 一定要用足够的胶水,否则邮票会从信封上脱落的。

17. come one's way **发生在(某人身上)

解 习语;词义溯源:某物出现(或某事发生)在某人的[路(way)]上

例 Most opportunities are not obtained by chance; they don't just come your way. You must seek them out! 大部分机遇都不是偶然获得的;它们不会突然出现在你面前。你需要找到它们。

18. come out ***出来,出现;发行,出版;结果是…;(在舞台、社交圈等)初次露面,亮相

解 短语动词;词义溯源:来到[外面、出版、出来、出世(out)]

例 Apolice officer using a loudspeaker tried to persuade the robbers to come out the bank with their hands in the air. 一位警官拿着扩音器,试图劝说劫匪举起手从银行里面出来。

19. come out for sb. or sth. ***支持,支援

解 短语动词;词义溯源:[出来(come out)] [支持(for)]某人或某物

例 Roger came out for Lynn, who was running for the mayor. 罗杰支持林恩参选市长。

20. come out of nowhere **从…突然出现

解 习语;词义溯源:从[不知名的地方(nowhere)]出现

例 The man came out of nowhere and grabbed my bag, and just as suddenly disappeared into a dark alley. 那个人不知道从哪里冒出来的,抓起我的包,突然就钻到一条黑暗的小胡同里面不见了。

21. come over ***改变立场;顺便来访

解 短语动词;词义溯源:[越过、从一边至另一边、从远方(over)]而来或来[到这里(over)]

例 Larry used to come over all the time when I was single, but since I got married he rarely visits. 我单身的时候,拉里经常来看我,但是我结婚之后,他就很少来了。

22. come through ***穿透而入;以…为条件答应要求;熬过(伤病、危机等);成功,完成;显得

解 短语动词;词义溯源:[穿过、通过、完成后、经过(through)]…而来

例 It was difficult for Sergeant Kim to get the supplies we needed, but he came through with nearly everything. 金队长很难找到我们需要的物资,但是他最终几乎准备好了所有东西。

23. come to ***苏醒,恢复意识;停住;下锚;结果是;突然想起

解 短语动词;词义溯源:来[到、达(to)]

例 After four days of being unconscious,the pilot came to and realized he had survived the crash. 昏迷四天之后,那个飞行员醒了过来,这时才意识到他在那次空难中幸免于难。

24. come to a bad end **遭遇不测;死于非命

解 习语;词义溯源:到达[不好的结局(a bad end)]

例 Once a great football hero but now forgotten and homeless, Thompson's life had come to a bad end. 汤普森曾经是一位著名的足球英雄,而现在他已经被人们遗忘,无家可归,落得悲惨的下场。

25. come to an end **结束,终止

解 习语;词义溯源:到达 [终点(an end)]

例 The Democrat's 42 years' control of the House of Representative came to an end in the election of this year. 在今年的大选中,民主党对众议院长达42年的控制终于结束。

26. come to an untimely end **夭折;匆匆结束

解 习语;词义溯源:到达[不是预期时间的、突然的(untimely)][ 死亡、终结(end)]

例 Everybody knew the Mafia leader hadn't died naturally, but had come to an untimely end at the hands of his own brother. 所有人都知道黑手党头目并不是自然死亡,而是被他的弟弟亲手杀死的。

27. come to grief **失败;悲痛

解 习语;词义溯源:到达陷进 [悲痛(grief)]的状态

例 Proctor Company rarely fails to successfully market a product, but their new Proton Chips have certainly come to grief. 普罗科特公司在推广产品方面很少失败,但是他们最新的普罗通芯片失败了。

28. come to pass **发生,实现

解 习语;词义溯源:到达 [经过(pass)]

例 The revolution came to pass in 1782,but had been predicted many years before it happened. 革命发生在1782年。但是在许多年以前便已经有人预见其将发生。

29. come to rest **停止

解 习语;词义溯源:到达 [停止、停顿(rest)]的状态

例 Alost weather balloon came to rest right in the middle of my garden!一个失去控制的气象气球正好落在了我家花园的中央。

30. come true **(梦想或愿望)实现

解 习语;词义溯源:成为[现实(true)]

例 All your hopes and dreams can come true only if you work hard to make them real. 只要你努力工作,你的所有希望和梦想都会实现。

31. come unglued *情绪失控;心烦意乱

解 俚语;词义溯源:变成[心烦意乱的(unglued)]状态

例 It is not uncommon to see family members come unglued at a funeral. 家庭成员在葬礼上情绪失控的情况并不少见。

32. come upon 〔on〕 sb. or sth. ***偶然遇到,碰上

解 短语动词;词义溯源:到达某人或某物的[上方(upon)]

例 We weren't planning to see Tom there, so imagine our surprise when we came upon him. 我们没有计划去那里见汤姆,所以你可以想象我们碰巧遇到他的时候有多么惊讶。

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